portage.versions module

portage.versions._get_pv_re(eapi_attrs)
portage.versions._get_slot_re(eapi_attrs)
class portage.versions._pkg_str(cpv, metadata=None, settings=None, eapi=None, repo=None, slot=None, build_time=None, build_id=None, file_size=None, mtime=None, db=None)

Bases: str

This class represents a cpv. It inherits from str and has attributes that cache results for use by functions like catpkgsplit and cpv_getkey which are called frequently (especially in match_from_list). Instances are typically created in dbapi.cp_list() or the Atom contructor, and propagate from there. Generally, code that pickles these objects will manually convert them to a plain unicode object first.

Instances of this class will have missing attributes for metadata that has not been passed into the constructor. The missing attributes are used to distinguish missing metadata values from undefined metadata values. For example, the repo attribute will be missing if the ‘repository’ key is missing from the metadata dictionary.

static _long(var, default)
capitalize()

Return a capitalized version of the string.

More specifically, make the first character have upper case and the rest lower case.

casefold()

Return a version of the string suitable for caseless comparisons.

center(width, fillchar=' ', /)

Return a centered string of length width.

Padding is done using the specified fill character (default is a space).

count(sub[, start[, end]]) → int

Return the number of non-overlapping occurrences of substring sub in string S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

encode(encoding='utf-8', errors='strict')

Encode the string using the codec registered for encoding.

encoding

The encoding in which to encode the string.

errors

The error handling scheme to use for encoding errors. The default is ‘strict’ meaning that encoding errors raise a UnicodeEncodeError. Other possible values are ‘ignore’, ‘replace’ and ‘xmlcharrefreplace’ as well as any other name registered with codecs.register_error that can handle UnicodeEncodeErrors.

endswith(suffix[, start[, end]]) → bool

Return True if S ends with the specified suffix, False otherwise. With optional start, test S beginning at that position. With optional end, stop comparing S at that position. suffix can also be a tuple of strings to try.

expandtabs(tabsize=8)

Return a copy where all tab characters are expanded using spaces.

If tabsize is not given, a tab size of 8 characters is assumed.

find(sub[, start[, end]]) → int

Return the lowest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Return -1 on failure.

format(*args, **kwargs) → str

Return a formatted version of S, using substitutions from args and kwargs. The substitutions are identified by braces (‘{‘ and ‘}’).

format_map(mapping) → str

Return a formatted version of S, using substitutions from mapping. The substitutions are identified by braces (‘{‘ and ‘}’).

index(sub[, start[, end]]) → int

Return the lowest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Raises ValueError when the substring is not found.

isalnum()

Return True if the string is an alpha-numeric string, False otherwise.

A string is alpha-numeric if all characters in the string are alpha-numeric and there is at least one character in the string.

isalpha()

Return True if the string is an alphabetic string, False otherwise.

A string is alphabetic if all characters in the string are alphabetic and there is at least one character in the string.

isascii()

Return True if all characters in the string are ASCII, False otherwise.

ASCII characters have code points in the range U+0000-U+007F. Empty string is ASCII too.

isdecimal()

Return True if the string is a decimal string, False otherwise.

A string is a decimal string if all characters in the string are decimal and there is at least one character in the string.

isdigit()

Return True if the string is a digit string, False otherwise.

A string is a digit string if all characters in the string are digits and there is at least one character in the string.

isidentifier()

Return True if the string is a valid Python identifier, False otherwise.

Call keyword.iskeyword(s) to test whether string s is a reserved identifier, such as “def” or “class”.

islower()

Return True if the string is a lowercase string, False otherwise.

A string is lowercase if all cased characters in the string are lowercase and there is at least one cased character in the string.

isnumeric()

Return True if the string is a numeric string, False otherwise.

A string is numeric if all characters in the string are numeric and there is at least one character in the string.

isprintable()

Return True if the string is printable, False otherwise.

A string is printable if all of its characters are considered printable in repr() or if it is empty.

isspace()

Return True if the string is a whitespace string, False otherwise.

A string is whitespace if all characters in the string are whitespace and there is at least one character in the string.

istitle()

Return True if the string is a title-cased string, False otherwise.

In a title-cased string, upper- and title-case characters may only follow uncased characters and lowercase characters only cased ones.

isupper()

Return True if the string is an uppercase string, False otherwise.

A string is uppercase if all cased characters in the string are uppercase and there is at least one cased character in the string.

join(iterable, /)

Concatenate any number of strings.

The string whose method is called is inserted in between each given string. The result is returned as a new string.

Example: ‘.’.join([‘ab’, ‘pq’, ‘rs’]) -> ‘ab.pq.rs’

ljust(width, fillchar=' ', /)

Return a left-justified string of length width.

Padding is done using the specified fill character (default is a space).

lower()

Return a copy of the string converted to lowercase.

lstrip(chars=None, /)

Return a copy of the string with leading whitespace removed.

If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead.

static maketrans()

Return a translation table usable for str.translate().

If there is only one argument, it must be a dictionary mapping Unicode ordinals (integers) or characters to Unicode ordinals, strings or None. Character keys will be then converted to ordinals. If there are two arguments, they must be strings of equal length, and in the resulting dictionary, each character in x will be mapped to the character at the same position in y. If there is a third argument, it must be a string, whose characters will be mapped to None in the result.

partition(sep, /)

Partition the string into three parts using the given separator.

This will search for the separator in the string. If the separator is found, returns a 3-tuple containing the part before the separator, the separator itself, and the part after it.

If the separator is not found, returns a 3-tuple containing the original string and two empty strings.

removeprefix(prefix, /)

Return a str with the given prefix string removed if present.

If the string starts with the prefix string, return string[len(prefix):]. Otherwise, return a copy of the original string.

removesuffix(suffix, /)

Return a str with the given suffix string removed if present.

If the string ends with the suffix string and that suffix is not empty, return string[:-len(suffix)]. Otherwise, return a copy of the original string.

replace(old, new, count=- 1, /)

Return a copy with all occurrences of substring old replaced by new.

count

Maximum number of occurrences to replace. -1 (the default value) means replace all occurrences.

If the optional argument count is given, only the first count occurrences are replaced.

rfind(sub[, start[, end]]) → int

Return the highest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Return -1 on failure.

rindex(sub[, start[, end]]) → int

Return the highest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Raises ValueError when the substring is not found.

rjust(width, fillchar=' ', /)

Return a right-justified string of length width.

Padding is done using the specified fill character (default is a space).

rpartition(sep, /)

Partition the string into three parts using the given separator.

This will search for the separator in the string, starting at the end. If the separator is found, returns a 3-tuple containing the part before the separator, the separator itself, and the part after it.

If the separator is not found, returns a 3-tuple containing two empty strings and the original string.

rsplit(sep=None, maxsplit=- 1)

Return a list of the words in the string, using sep as the delimiter string.

sep

The delimiter according which to split the string. None (the default value) means split according to any whitespace, and discard empty strings from the result.

maxsplit

Maximum number of splits to do. -1 (the default value) means no limit.

Splits are done starting at the end of the string and working to the front.

rstrip(chars=None, /)

Return a copy of the string with trailing whitespace removed.

If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead.

split(sep=None, maxsplit=- 1)

Return a list of the words in the string, using sep as the delimiter string.

sep

The delimiter according which to split the string. None (the default value) means split according to any whitespace, and discard empty strings from the result.

maxsplit

Maximum number of splits to do. -1 (the default value) means no limit.

splitlines(keepends=False)

Return a list of the lines in the string, breaking at line boundaries.

Line breaks are not included in the resulting list unless keepends is given and true.

property stable
startswith(prefix[, start[, end]]) → bool

Return True if S starts with the specified prefix, False otherwise. With optional start, test S beginning at that position. With optional end, stop comparing S at that position. prefix can also be a tuple of strings to try.

strip(chars=None, /)

Return a copy of the string with leading and trailing whitespace removed.

If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead.

swapcase()

Convert uppercase characters to lowercase and lowercase characters to uppercase.

title()

Return a version of the string where each word is titlecased.

More specifically, words start with uppercased characters and all remaining cased characters have lower case.

translate(table, /)

Replace each character in the string using the given translation table.

table

Translation table, which must be a mapping of Unicode ordinals to Unicode ordinals, strings, or None.

The table must implement lookup/indexing via __getitem__, for instance a dictionary or list. If this operation raises LookupError, the character is left untouched. Characters mapped to None are deleted.

upper()

Return a copy of the string converted to uppercase.

zfill(width, /)

Pad a numeric string with zeros on the left, to fill a field of the given width.

The string is never truncated.

portage.versions._pkgsplit(mypkg, eapi=None)
Parameters

mypkg – pv

Returns

  1. None if input is invalid.

  2. (pn, ver, rev) if input is pv

portage.versions.best(mymatches, eapi=None)

Accepts None arguments; assumes matches are valid.

portage.versions.catpkgsplit(mydata, silent=1, eapi=None)

Takes a Category/Package-Version-Rev and returns a list of each.

Parameters
  • mydata (string) – Data to split

  • silent (Boolean (integer)) – suppress error messages

@rype: list :return: 1. If each exists, it returns [cat, pkgname, version, rev] 2. If cat is not specificed in mydata, cat will be “null” 3. if rev does not exist it will be ‘-r0’

portage.versions.catsplit(mydep)
portage.versions.cpv_getkey(mycpv, eapi=None)

Calls catpkgsplit on a cpv and returns only the cp.

portage.versions.cpv_getversion(mycpv, eapi=None)

Returns the v (including revision) from an cpv.

portage.versions.cpv_sort_key(eapi=None)

Create an object for sorting cpvs, to be used as the ‘key’ parameter in places like list.sort() or sorted(). This calls catpkgsplit() once for each cpv and caches the result. If a given cpv is invalid or two cpvs have different category/package names, then plain string (> and <) comparison is used.

Return type

key object for sorting

Returns

object for use as the ‘key’ parameter in places like list.sort() or sorted()

portage.versions.pkgcmp(pkg1, pkg2)

Compare 2 package versions created in pkgsplit format.

Example usage:
>>> from portage.versions import *
>>> pkgcmp(pkgsplit('test-1.0-r1'),pkgsplit('test-1.2-r3'))
-1
>>> pkgcmp(pkgsplit('test-1.3'),pkgsplit('test-1.2-r3'))
1
Parameters
  • pkg1 (list (example: ['test', '1.0', 'r1'])) – package to compare with

  • pkg2 (list (example: ['test', '1.0', 'r1'])) – package to compare againts

Return type

None or integer

Returns

  1. None if package names are not the same

  2. 1 if pkg1 is greater than pkg2

  3. -1 if pkg1 is less than pkg2

  4. 0 if pkg1 equals pkg2

portage.versions.pkgsplit(mypkg, silent=1, eapi=None)
Parameters

mypkg – either a pv or cpv

Returns

  1. None if input is invalid.

  2. (pn, ver, rev) if input is pv

  3. (cp, ver, rev) if input is a cpv

portage.versions.vercmp(ver1, ver2, silent=1)

Compare two versions Example usage:

>>> from portage.versions import vercmp
>>> vercmp('1.0-r1','1.2-r3')
negative number
>>> vercmp('1.3','1.2-r3')
positive number
>>> vercmp('1.0_p3','1.0_p3')
0
Parameters
  • pkg1 (string (example: "2.1.2-r3")) – version to compare with (see ver_regexp in portage.versions.py)

  • pkg2 (string (example: "2.1.2_rc5")) – version to compare againts (see ver_regexp in portage.versions.py)

Return type

None or float

Returns

  1. positive if ver1 is greater than ver2

  2. negative if ver1 is less than ver2

  3. 0 if ver1 equals ver2

  4. None if ver1 or ver2 are invalid (see ver_regexp in portage.versions.py)

portage.versions.ververify(myver, silent=1)