str :: Class str
[hide private]

Class str

object --+    
         |    
basestring --+
             |
            str

str(object='') -> string

Return a nice string representation of the object. If the argument is a string, the return value is the same object.

Instance Methods [hide private]
 
__add__(x, y)
x+y
 
__contains__(x, y)
y in x
 
__eq__(x, y)
x==y
string
__format__(S, format_spec)
Return a formatted version of S as described by format_spec.
 
__ge__(x, y)
x>=y
 
__getattribute__(...)
x.__getattribute__('name') <==> x.name
 
__getitem__(x, y)
x[y]
 
__getnewargs__(...)
 
__getslice__(x, i, j)
x[i:j]
 
__gt__(x, y)
x>y
 
__hash__(x)
hash(x)
 
__le__(x, y)
x<=y
 
__len__(x)
len(x)
 
__lt__(x, y)
x<y
 
__mod__(x, y)
x%y
 
__mul__(x, n)
x*n
 
__ne__(x, y)
x!=y
a new object with type S, a subtype of T
__new__(T, S, ...)
 
__repr__(x)
repr(x)
 
__rmod__(x, y)
y%x
 
__rmul__(x, n)
n*x
size of S in memory, in bytes
__sizeof__(S)
size of object in memory, in bytes
 
__str__(x)
str(x)
 
_formatter_field_name_split(...)
 
_formatter_parser(...)
string
capitalize(S)
Return a copy of the string S with only its first character capitalized.
string
center(S, width, fillchar=...)
Return S centered in a string of length width.
int
count(S, sub, start=..., end=...)
Return the number of non-overlapping occurrences of substring sub in string S[start:end].
object
decode(S, encoding=..., errors=...)
Decodes S using the codec registered for encoding.
object
encode(S, encoding=..., errors=...)
Encodes S using the codec registered for encoding.
bool
endswith(S, suffix, start=..., end=...)
Return True if S ends with the specified suffix, False otherwise.
string
expandtabs(S, tabsize=...)
Return a copy of S where all tab characters are expanded using spaces.
int
find(S, sub, start=... , end=...)
Return the lowest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end].
string
format(S, *args, **kwargs)
Return a formatted version of S, using substitutions from args and kwargs.
int
index(S, sub, start=... , end=...)
Like S.find() but raise ValueError when the substring is not found.
bool
isalnum(S)
Return True if all characters in S are alphanumeric and there is at least one character in S, False otherwise.
bool
isalpha(S)
Return True if all characters in S are alphabetic and there is at least one character in S, False otherwise.
bool
isdigit(S)
Return True if all characters in S are digits and there is at least one character in S, False otherwise.
bool
islower(S)
Return True if all cased characters in S are lowercase and there is at least one cased character in S, False otherwise.
bool
isspace(S)
Return True if all characters in S are whitespace and there is at least one character in S, False otherwise.
bool
istitle(S)
Return True if S is a titlecased string and there is at least one character in S, i.e.
bool
isupper(S)
Return True if all cased characters in S are uppercase and there is at least one cased character in S, False otherwise.
string
join(S, iterable)
Return a string which is the concatenation of the strings in the iterable.
string
ljust(S, width, fillchar=...)
Return S left-justified in a string of length width.
string
lower(S)
Return a copy of the string S converted to lowercase.
string or unicode
lstrip(S, chars=...)
Return a copy of the string S with leading whitespace removed.
(head, sep, tail)
partition(S, sep)
Search for the separator sep in S, and return the part before it, the separator itself, and the part after it.
string
replace(S, old, new, count=...)
Return a copy of string S with all occurrences of substring old replaced by new.
int
rfind(S, sub, start=... , end=...)
Return the highest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end].
int
rindex(S, sub, start=... , end=...)
Like S.rfind() but raise ValueError when the substring is not found.
string
rjust(S, width, fillchar=...)
Return S right-justified in a string of length width.
(head, sep, tail)
rpartition(S, sep)
Search for the separator sep in S, starting at the end of S, and return the part before it, the separator itself, and the part after it.
list of strings
rsplit(S, sep=... , maxsplit=...)
Return a list of the words in the string S, using sep as the delimiter string, starting at the end of the string and working to the front.
string or unicode
rstrip(S, chars=...)
Return a copy of the string S with trailing whitespace removed.
list of strings
split(S, sep=... , maxsplit=...)
Return a list of the words in the string S, using sep as the delimiter string.
list of strings
splitlines(S, keepends=False)
Return a list of the lines in S, breaking at line boundaries.
bool
startswith(S, prefix, start=..., end=...)
Return True if S starts with the specified prefix, False otherwise.
string or unicode
strip(S, chars=...)
Return a copy of the string S with leading and trailing whitespace removed.
string
swapcase(S)
Return a copy of the string S with uppercase characters converted to lowercase and vice versa.
string
title(S)
Return a titlecased version of S, i.e.
string
translate(S, table, deletechars=...)
Return a copy of the string S, where all characters occurring in the optional argument deletechars are removed, and the remaining characters have been mapped through the given translation table, which must be a string of length 256 or None.
string
upper(S)
Return a copy of the string S converted to uppercase.
string
zfill(S, width)
Pad a numeric string S with zeros on the left, to fill a field of the specified width.

Inherited from object: __delattr__, __init__, __reduce__, __reduce_ex__, __setattr__, __subclasshook__

Properties [hide private]

Inherited from object: __class__

Method Details [hide private]

__format__(S, format_spec)

 

Return a formatted version of S as described by format_spec.

Returns: string
Overrides: object.__format__

__getattribute__(...)

 

x.__getattribute__('name') <==> x.name

Overrides: object.__getattribute__

__getslice__(x, i, j)
(Slicling operator)

 

x[i:j]

Use of negative indices is not supported.

__hash__(x)
(Hashing function)

 

hash(x)

Overrides: object.__hash__

__new__(T, S, ...)

 
Returns: a new object with type S, a subtype of T
Overrides: object.__new__

__repr__(x)
(Representation operator)

 

repr(x)

Overrides: object.__repr__

__sizeof__(S)

 

size of object in memory, in bytes

Returns: size of S in memory, in bytes
Overrides: object.__sizeof__

__str__(x)
(Informal representation operator)

 

str(x)

Overrides: object.__str__

center(S, width, fillchar=...)

 

Return S centered in a string of length width. Padding is done using the specified fill character (default is a space)

Returns: string

count(S, sub, start=..., end=...)

 

Return the number of non-overlapping occurrences of substring sub in string S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Returns: int

decode(S, encoding=..., errors=...)

 

Decodes S using the codec registered for encoding. encoding defaults to the default encoding. errors may be given to set a different error handling scheme. Default is 'strict' meaning that encoding errors raise a UnicodeDecodeError. Other possible values are 'ignore' and 'replace' as well as any other name registered with codecs.register_error that is able to handle UnicodeDecodeErrors.

Returns: object

encode(S, encoding=..., errors=...)

 

Encodes S using the codec registered for encoding. encoding defaults to the default encoding. errors may be given to set a different error handling scheme. Default is 'strict' meaning that encoding errors raise a UnicodeEncodeError. Other possible values are 'ignore', 'replace' and 'xmlcharrefreplace' as well as any other name registered with codecs.register_error that is able to handle UnicodeEncodeErrors.

Returns: object

endswith(S, suffix, start=..., end=...)

 

Return True if S ends with the specified suffix, False otherwise. With optional start, test S beginning at that position. With optional end, stop comparing S at that position. suffix can also be a tuple of strings to try.

Returns: bool

expandtabs(S, tabsize=...)

 

Return a copy of S where all tab characters are expanded using spaces. If tabsize is not given, a tab size of 8 characters is assumed.

Returns: string

find(S, sub, start=... , end=...)

 

Return the lowest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Return -1 on failure.

Returns: int

format(S, *args, **kwargs)

 

Return a formatted version of S, using substitutions from args and kwargs. The substitutions are identified by braces ('{' and '}').

Returns: string

istitle(S)

 

Return True if S is a titlecased string and there is at least one character in S, i.e. uppercase characters may only follow uncased characters and lowercase characters only cased ones. Return False otherwise.

Returns: bool

join(S, iterable)

 

Return a string which is the concatenation of the strings in the iterable. The separator between elements is S.

Returns: string

ljust(S, width, fillchar=...)

 

Return S left-justified in a string of length width. Padding is done using the specified fill character (default is a space).

Returns: string

lstrip(S, chars=...)

 

Return a copy of the string S with leading whitespace removed. If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead. If chars is unicode, S will be converted to unicode before stripping

Returns: string or unicode

partition(S, sep)

 

Search for the separator sep in S, and return the part before it, the separator itself, and the part after it. If the separator is not found, return S and two empty strings.

Returns: (head, sep, tail)

replace(S, old, new, count=...)

 

Return a copy of string S with all occurrences of substring old replaced by new. If the optional argument count is given, only the first count occurrences are replaced.

Returns: string

rfind(S, sub, start=... , end=...)

 

Return the highest index in S where substring sub is found, such that sub is contained within S[start:end]. Optional arguments start and end are interpreted as in slice notation.

Return -1 on failure.

Returns: int

rjust(S, width, fillchar=...)

 

Return S right-justified in a string of length width. Padding is done using the specified fill character (default is a space)

Returns: string

rpartition(S, sep)

 

Search for the separator sep in S, starting at the end of S, and return the part before it, the separator itself, and the part after it. If the separator is not found, return two empty strings and S.

Returns: (head, sep, tail)

rsplit(S, sep=... , maxsplit=...)

 

Return a list of the words in the string S, using sep as the delimiter string, starting at the end of the string and working to the front. If maxsplit is given, at most maxsplit splits are done. If sep is not specified or is None, any whitespace string is a separator.

Returns: list of strings

rstrip(S, chars=...)

 

Return a copy of the string S with trailing whitespace removed. If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead. If chars is unicode, S will be converted to unicode before stripping

Returns: string or unicode

split(S, sep=... , maxsplit=...)

 

Return a list of the words in the string S, using sep as the delimiter string. If maxsplit is given, at most maxsplit splits are done. If sep is not specified or is None, any whitespace string is a separator and empty strings are removed from the result.

Returns: list of strings

splitlines(S, keepends=False)

 

Return a list of the lines in S, breaking at line boundaries. Line breaks are not included in the resulting list unless keepends is given and true.

Returns: list of strings

startswith(S, prefix, start=..., end=...)

 

Return True if S starts with the specified prefix, False otherwise. With optional start, test S beginning at that position. With optional end, stop comparing S at that position. prefix can also be a tuple of strings to try.

Returns: bool

strip(S, chars=...)

 

Return a copy of the string S with leading and trailing whitespace removed. If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead. If chars is unicode, S will be converted to unicode before stripping

Returns: string or unicode

title(S)

 

Return a titlecased version of S, i.e. words start with uppercase characters, all remaining cased characters have lowercase.

Returns: string

translate(S, table, deletechars=...)

 

Return a copy of the string S, where all characters occurring in the optional argument deletechars are removed, and the remaining characters have been mapped through the given translation table, which must be a string of length 256 or None. If the table argument is None, no translation is applied and the operation simply removes the characters in deletechars.

Returns: string

zfill(S, width)

 

Pad a numeric string S with zeros on the left, to fill a field of the specified width. The string S is never truncated.

Returns: string